Many of Britain’s towns and cities contain tree-lined streets with family houses built in the 19th and early 20th century. These properties broadly fall into three types.
After apartments, terraced homes are the most numerous type of house for sale in England8. These are houses that are connected with other properties on both sides.
Many terraced properties were built during the mid to late 19th century, usually as affordable but small homes for industrial workers and their families. Many were knocked down during the 1960s to make way for high-rise apartment blocks but the ones that remain are usually the most affordable houses in many cities and towns. For example, in Manchester a terraced house costs £119,367, while a semi-detached house (see below) is £168,8159.
2. Detached houses
Approximately 26% of all new homes built in the UK10 are detached properties. However, they are found most often outside metropolitan centres, on the outskirts of – or countryside near – cities and towns. In city and town centres they are often Georgian (dating from 1700 to 1800) town houses. These are tall but with small gardens and tend to command high prices, particularly in London.
Most detached houses are more modern in construction, hailing from the 1970s onwards. It is common for these homes to copy older styles including Tudor, Elizabethan and Georgian architecture.
“Older detached houses have often been extended or remodelled since they were built so it’s essential to find out if the vendor has the correct planning permissions – otherwise the sale could easily fall through,” says Jonathan Hopper of property finders Garrington.
3. Semi-detached houses
A semi-detached house is one of a pair of homes built as one property and connected by a single partition wall. More than a third of the UK population live in one11 and those with three bedrooms are the most popular type of semi12, research shows, offering both affordability and much more room than an apartment.
These homes commonly date from three eras of housing building:
Semi-detached were first built in significant numbers during the second half of Queen Victoria’s reign (1837 to 1901). Those built during this period are often prized for their high ceilings, long hallways, decorative internal plasterwork and fireplaces. They are also much sought after by those who need to commute into the UK’s main cities; millions of them were built at a time when Britain’s railways were expanding and are often not far from a railway station.
This type of property was popular during the Edwardian period. It stretched from 1901 to 1910 but influenced building styles up until the 1920s.
3. Inter-war years
Semis were also built in increasing numbers in the outer suburbs of many cities and towns during the interwar (1918 to 1939) and post-WWII periods when the UK underwent a building boom.